Employment Statistics

Census Zip Code Business Patterns

These data provide the number of business establishments, at the zip code level, for most of the U.S. The data are organized into NAICS codes and can be sorted using the ENOW definition of the ocean economy (the six sectors). Businesses are categorized by employment ranges (1 to 4 employees, 5 to 9 employees, 10 to 19 employees, etc.), which means the values being estimated leave room for uncertainty.

  • Indicators: establishments, employment
  • Pros: nationally available; uses NAICS codes
  • Cons: employment ranges rather than actual numbers of employees

State or local employment statistics

Certain states provide data developed by that state’s bureau of labor or a corresponding agency. These data can vary in terms of accessibility, data format, and use of NAICS codes. For example, Massachusetts provides employment and wage statistics by the 4-digit NAICS industries for each city and town. These data are easily accessible on the website of the Executive Office of Labor and Workforce Development.

  • Indicators: variable; includes establishments, employment, and wages
  • Pros: more specific counts of employees; may contain wage information; may contain spatial information about businesses for mapping
  • Cons: may not be available to everyone; may not have the same level of industrial detail

ESRI Business Analyst

Esri’s Business Analyst has information on individual businesses by industries at the Census block-group level. Indicators include name, location, scale, and number of employees for the most current year. These data require a paid for license.


ReferenceUSA provides library patrons with access to extremely accurate and complete business and consumer data by NAICS codes. Many libraries, such as Maine State Library, provide members with free access to this online platform. These data require a subscription.

Commercial Fishing

NOAA Fisheries Regional Offices include information such as the address, landing port, effective date, etc. by each vessel, dealer, or harvesting permit holder

NOAA National Marine Fisheries Partners and Data Contributors include information such as aggregated fishing statistics from both federal and state resources for landing tons, values, fishing licenses, and vessel permits by species and ports  

NOAA Commercial Fisheries Statistics

Landing tons and values by species and areas

NOAA Commercial Landings Query

One-stop shop for fisheries data by states and areas

NOAA Interactive Fisheries Economic Impacts Tool

Total jobs impacted by fishing industries by states and areas

Marine Transportation

U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration: Open Data Portal

Foreign trade statistics by port and district

Port Industry Statistics

Tons and values of import and export by port

Freight Analysis Framework

Tons and values of freight movement among states and major metropolitan areas by all modes of transportation

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: Ports and Waterways Facilities

List of port facilities, complete list of docks

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: National Waterway Network

Shapefiles of port facilities and boundaries

Intermodal Transportation Network: All Modes

Distribution of National Waterways Network with attached global seaways

Automatic Identification System (AIS)

Information for vessel traffic services (VTS) from the automatic tracking system installed on ships

AlphaLiner Shipping Information Service

Number of containerships by shipping company

Offshore Minerals

Energy Information Administration: Crude Oil Production

Barrels of oil production by state and area

Energy Information Administration: Offshore Gross Withdrawals of Natural Gas

Millions of cubic feet of natural gas production by state and area

Ship and Boat Building and Repairing

U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration: Survey of U.S. Shipbuilding and Repair Facilities

List of the major U.S. private shipbuilding and repair facilities by region and city

MarineLog Trade Journal: Shipbuilding Contracts

Latest known shipbuilding contracts, North America shipyard directory

Tourism and Recreation

NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service: Saltwater Angler Expenditures

Trip-based expenditures by states

U.S. Coast Guard, Recreational Vessel Accident Statistics

Recreational vessel registration and accident records by state

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, State Sport Fishing License Sales Data

Fishing licenses and costs by state

U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration: Open Data Portal

Cruise passengers by cruise ship and port

Port Industry Statistics

Cruise passenger traffic by port